This afternoon, a draft of the Continuing Resolution (CR) began circulating in Washington, DC. The CR, which Congress will likely pass early next week, will keep the federal government running through the November election. According to Alexander Hecht, Vice President of Government Relations at ML Strategies, upon enactment, the EB-5 Regional Center Program will be extended through December 9, 2016 – the length of this current CR. “Since EB-5 was contained in last year’s Omnibus appropriations bill, it is automatically extended by a Continuing Resolution for its duration. There was no need for legislators to specifically mention EB-5 in this Continuing Resolution,” stated Hecht. Stakeholders should continue to monitor developments related to the CR, but according to Hecht, “passage in both chambers seems very likely early next week, as legislators on both sides of the political aisle are anxious to get home to focus on campaigning for the November elections.”
The extension of the reauthorization for the EB-5 Investor Visa Program may lapse on September 30, 2016. Whether lawmakers will invest time in EB-5 this coming month is an open question, but it is more probable than not that we will see no movement. Every day, it becomes less likely that EB-5 will be on the agenda of lawmakers. Despite inroads to advance legislation to introduce integrity measures to the Program, there is no indication that lawmakers will act. Anything is possible, and lawmakers could surprise us. But there is little time for reaching any consensus on changes to the Program in the coming weeks. With the presidential election looming in the background, EB-5 won’t be near center stage. For now, the status quo may continue for many months and into 2017. Continue Reading EB-5 Reauthorization Heading into Lame Duck Session of Congress
Several securities lawyers from several firms across the United States with a focus on EB-5 have organized a roundtable to discuss securities law issues.
The EB5 Securities Roundtable is an informal, independent group of EB-5 securities attorneys organized to facilitate best practices in the offerings of EB-5 securities. The EB5 Securities Roundtable is not affiliated with any EB-5 industry organization, regional center, offeror of EB-5 securities or job-creating recipient of EB-5 funds, and it receives no outside financial contributions, according to its website. Mintz Levin is one of the law firm participants.
Check out what’s new in the EB-5 world, where a team of securities lawyers are at work offering to help lawmakers understand complex legal provisions of proposed EB-5 integrity legislation. The group is called the EB-5 Securities Roundtable (the “Roundtable”) and is made up of securities attorneys (the author of this blog posting included) who represent a broad range of stakeholders in EB-5 deals such as regional centers, recipients of EB-5 funds and lenders.
Anticipating more action from lawmakers on the EB-5 integrity front, the Roundtable has proposed technical language solutions to securities law provisions that may come into any final version of an EB-5 integrity bill. The group is aiming not to lobby but to serve as a resource to help lawmakers line EB-5 reform efforts up with existing securities laws, regulations and policies. Securities law is a very complicated area with its own universe of terminology. We think the Roundtable’s resource will be welcome by lawmakers, industry groups and others who have a stake in EB-5 reform.
One of the goals of the Roundtable, which Mintz Levin co-founded with several firms across the country, is to regularize EB-5 securities law practice. This is an important goal. EB-5 needs to be a more normative form of financing in the toolkit of lawyers. This starts with the securities lawyers in the field — gatekeepers of EB-5 in every sense of the word — giving sound advice to clients and promoting best practices.
Right now the EB-5 Program is still on the margins of the securities industry despite the fact that EB-5 financing benefits emerging businesses seeking capital across sectors, particularly in industries where construction and hard development costs are high. The Roundtable can have an impact as the EB-5 Program develops and becomes more institutionalized.
What is the future of EB-5?
We hope the EB-5 Program becomes established, permanent and normative. But Congress needs to act soon. We are about a month away from the Program lapsing.
Lawmakers are right on to insist on integrity reforms with any extension of the Program. The EB-5 Program has been plagued by bad actors, fraud and loose practices since it became more popularized in 2008. But lawmakers don’t need to reinvent a whole new legal structure to fix this.
Added integrity provisions are a sensible move by Congress. This is in step with current law. But changes to the law should be aligned with our existing securities laws, which are effective. Specifically, the United States has a very strong anti-fraud legal infrastructure in place when it comes to the purchase and sale of securities, including Section 10(b) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, and Rule 10b-5, codified at 17 C.F.R. 240.10b-5, which is one of the most important rules targeting securities fraud promulgated by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. These laws work. Congress does not need to re-write our securities laws in an effort to make EB-5 more sound and secure. The core integrity provisions for EB-5 are for the most part already in place. The technical guidance from the Roundtable can help lawmakers ensure that integrity provisions do not inadvertently create confusion, or conflict with existing obligations of issuers of EB-5 securities.
The Securities Law Roundtable has offered lawmakers a technical resource in the EB-5 reform process
Hopefully lawmakers will consider comments of the Roundtable when finalizing a draft of any legislation.
We’d like to continue to have EB-5 financing as an option in our toolkit to help clients. Many of our firm’s clients have been the recipients of EB-5 financing for projects ranging from the creation of a small media business to large-scale hotels, resorts and mixed-use real estate development. Congress making strategic moves to bring an increased level of integrity to the Program will benefit all. The Roundtable’s contribution to this broader effort is an important step forward, and will ensure that securities provisions in any new law are informed and workable.
Recently, the North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA), which is the oldest international organization devoted to investor protection, published an investor advisory for potential investors in EB-5 projects. In the United States, NASAA is the voice of state securities agencies responsible for efficient capital formation and grass-roots investor protection. Their fundamental mission is protecting consumers who purchase securities or investment advice, and their jurisdiction extends to a wide variety of issuers and intermediaries who offer and sell securities to the public.
EB-5 is now becoming more relevant to NASAA.
The investor alert makes several strong points about red flags that should cause investors to look carefully at a deal before making an investment. One of the classic warning signs in EB-5 deals or really any investment is a promoter minimizing or understating risk. The alert also raises the importance of investors conducting due diligence of a project and its sponsors before committing funds. Continue Reading NASAA Publishes Fraud Alert for EB-5 Investors
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has just published three new decisions in connection with administrative proceedings against two well known immigration lawyers, as well as against a third lawyer. One party has allegedly earned $450,000 in commissions from one EB-5 Offeror alone. This enforcement is not surprising. Last year, we saw several immigration lawyers subject to the same proceedings and sanctions. The allegations are resoundingly familiar: Violation of Section 15(a)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). We expect even more SEC enforcement activity in this space. Why is the SEC targeting immigration lawyers? What implications are there for all parties in an EB-5 transaction and to the industry as a whole when an EB-5 Offeror pays finder’s fees to lawyers?
Immigration lawyers are EB-5 gatekeepers
The SEC has a strong interest in prosecuting civil violations of securities laws by gatekeepers of securities markets.
Immigration lawyers are viewed as gatekeepers to the EB-5 Program. What is a gatekeeper? In the securities law context, a gatekeeper is a professional that holds a position of trust who should be looking out for the interests of a specific securities market. The idea is that the integrity of markets is kept in check by professionals charged with executing their responsibilities. Accountants, lawyers and auditors are often gatekeepers of the securities marketplace.
The SEC has the objective of keeping gatekeepers accountable. The SEC expects gatekeepers — be they accountants, lawyers or auditors to name a few — to raise red flags when there are visible issues and problems in an offering of securities. This maintains the integrity of markets and protects investors. When gatekeepers violate securities laws or engage in conduct that turns the concept of protecting investors on its head, the SEC becomes very interested in holding those individuals accountable. The idea here is that gatekeepers are front-line protectors of a marketplace. Immigration lawyers in the EB-5 industry have often taken on this role. They are often the first to be able to spot an irregularity in an EB-5 transaction. And immigration lawyers often comment on or assist with drafting documents prepared in connection with an EB-5 offering.
The SEC likes to hold out gatekeeper-violators of securities laws as examples for an industry. This is no consolation for the attorneys facing sanctions and disgorgement, but it does explain to some degree how the SEC prioritizes investigations and why immigration lawyers are of interest. Attorneys with high profiles in the EB-5 industry who are involved in producing investors for regional centers or who engage in marketing should be concerned. And so should the attorney who takes a finder’s fee from a regional center one single time. The SEC also pursues “minor violations” particularly by gatekeepers to set an example for an industry. One of the attorneys in today’s proceedings had received $37,500 in finder’s fees. This was sufficient for the SEC to pursue administrative proceedings and sanctions.
Transaction-based compensation is often not difficult for the SEC to trace and later prove
The DNA of these three recent cases is virtually identical, with the SEC finding that each of the attorneys earned transaction-based compensation for steering clients to specific EB-5 regional center projects. The SEC ordered disgorgement of unlawfully earned commissions along with interest in all three cases. One of the three attorneys also incurred a civil monetary penalty of $30,000. He is alleged to have had commissions transferred to a foreign bank account despite the fact that his business is U.S. based. In the case of one of the other attorneys, he had a “Referral Services Agreement” in place with the EB-5 regional center that paid him compensation. This means that these attorneys left their fingerprints in very identifiable places, which SEC investigators love. Continue Reading Three Immigration Lawyers Sanctioned by the SEC for Brokering EB-5 Investments
On August 11, 2016, USCIS published new processing times for I-829 petitions. The news is not good for EB-5 investors. USCIS is now taking in excess of 21 months to adjudicate I-829 petitions. This means that EB-5 investors may wait more than one or even two years for final approval of an I-829 from USCIS. The delays are unconscionable.
For those less familiar with EB-5 terminology, the term I-829 refers to the form number of the petition that an EB-5 investor files within 90 days of the expiration of his or her conditional green card status. An investor’s I-829 is supported by proof that, among other things, there has been sufficient job creation to support his or her green card case. At the I-829 stage of the process, an investor must also evidence that his or her investment has been sustained. For thousands of investors, what should be a relatively ministerial process of verifying facts has turned into a bottleneck. Continue Reading I-829 Delays Reach All-Time Record: Thousands of EB-5 Investors in Limbo at USCIS
According to data recently supplied by USCIS, there are more than 20,000 I-526 petitions pending adjudication as of the end of March 2016. This is a massive backlog of cases. What are the implications of this backlog to investors, and will processing times improve?
What does this backlog mean for EB-5 investors?
The current I-526 backlog translates into long delays for I-526 decisions by USCIS. In other words, many if not most investors may wait close to or beyond 16 months for their I-526 cases to be approved.
This backlog of I-526 petitions is unprecedented in the short history of the EB-5 Investor Visa Program. If you contrast the current statistics with the data supplied for past fiscal years, the increase in the number of pending EB-5 cases at USCIS is striking. At the end of fiscal year 2015, there were more than 17,000 pending EB-5 petitions at USCIS. Fiscal year 2012 closed with just 5,000 pending EB-5 petitions in the hands of adjudicators. That is a massive increase in a compressed period of time.
USCIS simply isn’t properly staffed to manage this increase in the agency’s EB-5 caseload. The agency’s backlog has quadrupled since 2012. In light of this shift in I-526 backlogs, EB-5 investors need to be prepared to wait well beyond one year for a petition to even be assigned to an officer at USCIS. Continue Reading I-526 Processing Delays Expected to Continue into 2017
In 2012, we wrote about the risky business of immigration lawyers accepting finder’s fees for selling limited partnership interests in EB-5 deals. For the past several years, securities law violations have been part and parcel of many EB-5 regional center transactions. Now the tide appears to be turning. How? Continue Reading SEC Nabs Immigration Lawyers Acting as Unregistered Brokers, Orders Fines and Disgorgement
My colleagues Alex Hecht and Neal Martin of ML Strategies have published an update on legislative efforts to continue the EB-5 Regional Center Program: EB-5 Regional Center Program Update: As Deadline for Expiration Approaches, Congressional Action Likely.